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Kythera, Ionian Islands.

Boschini, Marco. Kythera "Cerigo" Venice "Marco Boschini Venetiano, al Serinissima Principe E Regal Collegio di Venetia" 1651
Black & white copper engraved birdseye view/ map of Kythera from Marco Boschini's "Il Regno tutto di Candia"single page; verso blank.
The view/ map shows the port and castle of Chora the Venetian capital of the Island,[ replacing that of the Byzantines at Agios Dimitrios.]

Boschini includes Kythera in "Il tutti di Regno di Candia" as it was under Venetian sovereignty from the end of the Fourth Crusade(1201-1204) with only a short period from 1275 to 1308 when it was under the Byzantine empire
In 1207 the Venetian State had set the Venieri family on the island; the Venieri stayed in control of both Kythera and Western Crete for several years.
The Venieri came back to the island in 1308 when the Byzantines left. In 1363 the whole of Kythera fell into the hands of the Venetians; aristocrats settled in Kythera's new city, Chora, the current capital city, In order to better protect themselves against invasions the inhabitants set up three fortified hubs: Agios Dimitrios (today known as Palaiachora), Mylopotamos in Kato Chora, and Chora (the current capital city). Dark impression, on laid paper; some light soiling to blank margins.

Marco Boschini, [1613-78]
Venetian painter and engraver, published two important works regarding Greece.
" Il regno tutto di Candia" in 1651. (1st & only edition). Boschini started work on the survey of Crete in 1645, the year in which the Turks invaded the island. In his dedication to the work he mentions a large map of the island dated 1645 [of which only 2 copies are recorded] there is no copy of the complete work known of this date.
Boschini published the work in 1651, when the city of Candia [Iraklion] had been in a state of siege for 4 years ( it was to last 22 years): he undertook the work to illustrate the Venetian valour in the face of the Ottoman attack on Crete

"L'Archipelago."an isolario of the Greek Islands in 1658.
The outlines of the Islands in the "L'Archipelago" recall those of Bartelemeo dalli Sonnetti, whose "Isolario" Venice. 1485 was the first appearance of the islands in printed form.
Zacherakis:639/441; Blackmer /Navari:171; Blackmer/Sotheby's:37. 217 by 162mm (8½ by 6½ inches).   ref: 2126  €500

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